Thursday, January 19, 2017
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Young Bites Travel Guide | CONTRACTUAL LECTURERS DEMAND REGULARIZATION, TAKE OUT PROTEST MARCH | Australian Open 2017, Day 3: Andy Murray in a hurry; Nick Kyrgios booed in stormy defeat | Budding football players meet Governor | Famous basketball players | Medal Winner of India | Classic Movies of Bollywood | Donald Trump`s popularity lowest of any president in decades: Polls | Exercises Tips | Post snowfall 90% of power supply restored in Kashmir: Dy CM | Allegations of irregularities in PMUY would be investigated: Zulfkar | Academic curriculum being prepared after exhaustive consultation: Naeem Akhtar | 4.64 lakh mandays generated under MGNREGA in Kokernag constituency: Abdul Haq | Survey for construction of Tral-Pahalgam road to begin soon: Veeri | Poonch Master Plan to be revisited: Priya Sethi | Awaiting formal sanction from GoI for establishing Medical College Doda: Bali | Filling of vacancies in Revenue Deptt to be fast-tracked: Syed Basharat Bukhari | J&K Thang-Ta contingent calls on Chief Minister | J&K Ladakh departmental clerical staff employees to observe strike on 27th Jan | BJP, PDP failed to provide basic amenities to people : JDU | Rector Bhaderwah Campus of JU, calls on Governor | HSS asks Mohad Zaman Construction to drop Burahan from calendar | NHM employees hold protest, raise their demands | SSH warns Govt against curtailment of Amarnath Ji Yatra duration | DDC takes stock of essential services | DDC chairs District Health Society meet | ADC Doda finalizes Republic Day arrangements | ARMY ORGANISES PANEL DISCUSSION ON MODERN EDUCATION IN THE SOCIETY | FREE WINTER TUITION FOR CHILDREN OF ARAGAM, BANDIPORA | ARMY CONDUCTS STITCHING CLASSES FOR WOMEN AT SAAJ | Mechanized Infantry: They move on wheels or tracks but attck on their legs! | Book Reveiw | Those men & women from Jammu and Kashmir! | Once upon a time in J&K | Modi's message to China: No names taken, but exercise restraint | No compensation provided to Burhan Wani’s family: Mehbooba | Dr Dharminder awarded with international fellowship | Face to Face with Zulfkar Ali 4388 new Fair Price Shops to be opened in JK: Zulfkar Choudhary | General Mohan Singh Please remember the Indian National Army! | Govt working on improving rural connectivity: Lal Singh | Stranded vehicles allowed to move, only one-way traffic on Kashmir highway | ARMY TO PROVIDE MODREN HELMETS FOR JAWANS, CAN WITH STAND BULLETS FIRED FROM SHORT RANGE | Talks with Govt on demonetisation began in early 2016: RBI Governor | Power Shutdown | Assembly: BJP, NC MLAs enter into verbal clash on Nagrota issue | Why does light at the end of the tunnel in Jammu & Kashmir always remain far off in J&K in Winters! | If Dogri is in Eighth Schedule then why not make it formal in text books! | Editorial | Sun Rises | Letters | Letters | Citizen Journalist | BELIEVE IT OR NOT | Vibodh Demands 20% Reservation in Jobs for Rajouri Poonch Youth in BGSBU | Republic Day arrangements finalized in Poonch | Farmers visit Advanced Centre of Horticulture Udheywala | Secretary Tourism holds video conference with CEOs of TDAs | Empanelment of Electronic, Online Media: Dir Info holds consultation with stakeholders | ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ not a benefit- oriented scheme: Asiea Naqash | Colors and their effects | + First Aid + Preserve life * Prevent harm * Promote recovery | Career Counseling | Naukri | Police providing helping hand, shifted 04 patients to hospital in South Kashmir | NSG, Masood Azhar issues must not be 'stumbling blocks' in Sino-India ties: China | Salman Khan acquitted in Arms Act case; court exonerates actor due to lack of evidence | Judiciary Update | Day in the Indian History | Education | Growth fears haunt stocks, Nifty ends below 8,400-mark | Market Action | TRAFFIC HQRS ISSUES FRESH GUIDELINES FOR EFFECTIVE REGULATION OF TRAFFIC | 88 times rise in pending cases in SC since inception in 1950 | Distribution of Dustbins by Jammu Municipal Corporation | AoL foundation conducts workshop for NSS students |

 
Front Page Stories
Modi's message to China: No names taken, but exercise restraint

New Delhi, Jan 18 Growing military ambitions in the Asia-Pacific are creating security risks, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in a coded message to China to exercise strategic restraint. AlthoughRead More
No compensation provided to Burhan Wani’s family: Mehbooba
Dr Dharminder awarded with international fellowship
Face to Face with Zulfkar Ali 4388 new Fair Price Shops to be opened in JK: Zulfkar Choudhary
General Mohan Singh Please remember the Indian National Army!
Govt working on improving rural connectivity: Lal Singh
Stranded vehicles allowed to move, only one-way traffic on Kashmir highway
ARMY TO PROVIDE MODREN HELMETS FOR JAWANS, CAN WITH STAND BULLETS FIRED FROM SHORT RANGE
Talks with Govt on demonetisation began in early 2016: RBI Governor
Power Shutdown
Assembly: BJP, NC MLAs enter into verbal clash on Nagrota issue
Why does light at the end of the tunnel in Jammu & Kashmir always remain far off in J&K in Winters!
If Dogri is in Eighth Schedule then why not make it formal in text books!
More Top Stories
Features
 
Personalities that shaped the world
Taimur the Lang

Timur, Tarmashirin Khan, Emir Timur (9 April 1336 - 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane was a Turkic ruler. He conquered West, South and Central Asia and founded the Timurid dynasty. He was the grandfather of Ulugh Beg, who ruled Central Asia from 1411 to 1449, and the great-great-great-grandfather of Babur Beg, founder of the Mughal Empire, which ruled South Asia for centuries. Timur envisioned the restoration of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Unlike his predecessors Timur was also a devout Muslim who referred to himself as the Sword of Islam, converting nearly all the Borjigin leaders to Islam during his lifetime. His armies were inclusively multi-ethnic. During his lifetime Timur would emerge as the most powerful ruler in the Muslim world after defeating the Mamluks of Egypt and Syria, the emerging Ottoman Empire and the declining Sultanate of Delhi. Timur had also decisively defeated the Christian Knights Hospitaller at Smyrna; styling himself a Ghazi. By the end of his reign Timur had also gained complete suzerainty over all the remnants of the Chagatai Khanate, Ilkhanate, Golden Horde and even attempted to restore the Yuan dynasty. Timur's armies were feared throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe. sizable parts of which were laid to ruin by his campaigns. Scholars estimate that his military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population. On the other hand, Timur is also recognized as a great patron of art and architecture, as he interacted with Muslim intellectuals such as Ibn Khaldun and Hafiz-i Abru. Timur was born in Transoxiana , near the City of Kesh (an area now better known as Shahrisabz, "the green city"), some fifty miles south of Samarkand in modern day Uzbekistan, part of the Chagatai Khanate. His father, Taraqai, was a minor noble belonging to the Barlas tribe. The Barlas, a Turko-Mongol tribe originally were Mongolian tribes that became Turkified and/or became Turkic-speaking or intermingling with the Turkic peoples. According to Gérard Chaliand, Timur was a Muslim Turk but he saw himself as Genghis Khan's heir. Though not a Chinggisid, he clearly sought to evoke the legacy of Genghis Khan's conquests during his lifetime. At the age of eight or nine, Timur with his mother and brothers, were carried as prisoners to Samarkand by an invading Mongol army. In his childhood, Timur with a small band of followers raided travelers for goods with most being animals such as sheep, horses, and cattle. At around 1363, it is believed that Timur tried to steal a sheep from a shepherd but was shot by two arrows; one in his right leg and another in his right hand, where he lost two fingers. Both injuries caused him to be crippled for life. Some believe that Timur suffered his crippling injuries while serving as a mercenary to the khan of Sistan in Khorasan in what is known today as Dasht-i Margo (Desert of Death) in south-west Afghanistan. Timur's injuries have given him the surname of Timur the Lame or Tamerlane by Europeans. Timur was a Muslim, but while his chief official religious counsellor and advisor was the Hanafi scholar 'Abdu 'l-Jabbar Khwarazmi, his particular persuasion is not known. In Tirmidh, he had come under the influence of his spiritual mentor Sayyid Barakah, a leader from Balkh who is buried alongside Timur in Gur-e Amir. Timur was known to hold Ali and the Ahlul Bayt in high regard and has been noted by various scholars for his "pro-Alid" stance.[citation needed] Despite this, Timur was noted for attacking Shi'is on Sunni grounds and therefore his own religious inclinations remain unclear. Timur is regarded as a military genius and a tactician, with an uncanny ability to work within a highly fluid political structure to win and maintain a loyal following of nomads during his rule in Central Asia. He was also considered extraordinarily intelligent- not only intuitively but also intellectually. In Samarkand and his many travels, Timur, under the guidance of distinguished scholars was able to learn Persian, Mongolian, and Turkic languages.[36] More importantly, Timur was characterized as an opportunist. Taking advantage of his Turco-Mongolia heritage, Timur frequently used either the Islamic religion or the law and traditions of the Mongol Empire to achieve his military goals or domestic political aims. In about 1360 Timur gained prominence as a military leader whose troops were mostly Turkic tribesmen of the region.[26][39] He took part in campaigns in Transoxiana with the Khan of Chagatai. His career for the next ten or eleven years may be thus briefly summarized from the Memoirs. Allying himself both in cause and by family connection with Kurgan, the dethroner and destroyer of Volga Bulgaria, he was to invade Khorasan at the head of a thousand horsemen. This was the second military expedition that he led, and its success led to further operations, among them the subjugation of Khorezm and Urganj. Following Kurgan's murder, disputes arose among the many claimants to sovereign power; this infighting was halted by the invasion of the energetic Chagtaid Tughlugh Timur of Kashgar, another descendant of Genghis Khan. Timur was dispatched on a mission to the invader's camp, which resulted in his own appointment to the head of his own tribe, the Barlas, in place of its former leader, Hajji Beg. The exigencies of Timur's quasi-sovereign position compelled him to have recourse to his formidable patron, whose reappearance on the banks of the Syr Darya created a consternation not easily allayed. One of Tughlugh's sons was entrusted with the Barlas's territory, along with the rest of Mawarannahr (Transoxiana); but he was defeated in battle by the bold warrior he had replaced at the head of a numerically far inferior force. It was in this period that Timur reduced the Chagatai khans to the position of figureheads while Timur ruled in their name. During this period Timur and his brother-in-law Husayn, who were at first fellow fugitives and wanderers in joint adventures, became rivals and antagonists. The relationship between Timur and Husayn began to become strained after Husayn abandoned Timur's orders to finish off Ilya Khoja (former governor of Mawarannah) close to Tishnet. Timur began to gain a following of people in Balkh that consisted of merchants, fellow tribesmen, Muslim clergy, aristocracy and agricultural workers because of his kindness to share his belongings with them; as opposed to Husayn who alienated these people, took many possessions from them because of his heavy tax laws and selfishly spend the tax money building elaborate structures. At around 1370 Husayn surrendered to Timur; later being assassinated by a chief of a tribe, allowed Timur to formally proclaimed sovereign at Balkh. Timur married Husayn's wife Saray Mulk-khanum; a descendant of Genghis Khan, allowing him to become imperial ruler of Chaghatay tribe. "Khan Züdei (in China) rules over the city. We now number fifty to sixty men, so let us elect a leader." So they drove a stake into the ground and said: "We shall run thither and he who among us is the first to reach the stake, may he become our leader". So they ran and Aksak Timur (since he was lame) lagged behind, but before the others reached the stake he threw his cap onto it. Those who arrived first said: "We are the leaders". (But) Aksak Timur said: "My head came in first, I am the leader". In the meanwhile an old man arrived and said: "Read More
 
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