Tuesday, April 21, 2015
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J&K Travel guide | Indian Navy’s new destroyer INS Visakhapatnam launched | Draw has strengthened Windies resolve, says Devon Smith | IPL 8: Rajasthan's royal form continues | Ferrari revived, but Mercedes retain control | Old masters meet new FA Cup kings in fitting final | legends in sports | PM Modi lays foundation stone of BR Ambedkar International Centre | Div Com reviews Darbar Move arrangements | Farooq, Omar Abdullah commemorate Iqbal Day | ADC Baramulla visits inundated areas | Anjum Fazili distributes cheques worth Rs. 1.20 lakh among skilled girls | Div Com convenes high level meet Takes stock of dewatering in inundated areas | Technical education sector to be augmented to promote entrepreneurial culture: Ansari | SOS International delegation meets Governor | CS reviews implementation of 'Make in India' & 'Ease of doing business' Programme | Dy CM reviews functioning of H&UDD / Asks line departments to build capacity for developing Jammu as a smart city | JWAM demands complete black topping of roads | "Govt Missing" for Poonch: Jan | Reasi DC gives special impetus to Domail-Katra road | ICCR presents Hindi play Rang De Basanti | In the captain's seat Putting Indian aeronautics on the international stage | Film Review | Rahul Gandhi attacks Modi govt on land bill, Sonia pleased with son's comeback | Parshuram Jayanti celebrated with religious fervor | Lal Singh reviews progress of ongoing health projects in Jammu division | Jammu Newspaper Editors Association re-framed | Jammu-Srinagar highway opens for one-way traffic | Indo-Pak troops exchange fire on IB | Powerful quake hits Taiwan and Japan, tsunami warning lifted | Look forward to a productive session of Parliament: PM Modi | GoI to give Rs.4,000 for constructing toilet | No move to cut privileges enjoyed by MPs at airports: Govt | Seeking their permanent solution, people in border areas protest | Now, new police recruits to come through private firms | Youth beaten to death over argument during cricket match in Akhnoor | Govt fails to regularise Rs 99,409 cr expenditure in Assembly | Kashmiris only talk of azadi; CM Mufti a behrupia, says BJP MP Ashwini | Narbal Killing: Punish cops without delay, says Azad | Two brothers killed in road mishap, locals stage protest | Editorial | Letters to Editor | Letters to Editor | Citizen Journlist | Children’s column | Children’s column | Children’s column | People protests against CAPD department | ST Status for Paharis on top priority: Vibodh Demand Govt to recommend 5% reservation for Governors assent | Internationally renowned IPR expert visits SMVDU | Students to get PRC, caste certificates in school says Sunil | SYWS expresses concern over New Recruitment Policy | Chairperson, Gandhi Seva Sadan, calls on Governor | Professionalism during CI Ops crucial policing requirement; ADGP Armed | Paddar reviews progress of works in PHE, I&FC sector in Vijapur constituency | Students of Dogra Hr Sec School excels in inter school championship | Enquiry officer seeks statements in Suhail Ahmad Sofi case | NC delegation turned back from Narbal Strange that a mainstream party's movement curbed : Nasir | Tipper driver convicted for 2 years for rash driving | Avalanche warning | Provide immediate relief to hailstorm sufferers: Malik | Roll back New Recruitment Policy or face agitation: DAK | Expedite process to compensate affected farmers: PDP | ISM Bandipora holds Mega Medical Camp | Fengsui | Poem Pub | Naukri | Septuagenarian found dead in Shopian | Man dies in scuffle in Kupwara | 08 injured in road mishaps | 10 dead in bomb attack on UN bus in Somalia: Police | Traumatised over 'gay' husband AIIMS doctor kills self | Rajasthan based NGO awarded in South Korea for water conservation | Distress call from boat in Mediterranean with 300 people on board: IOM | US start training Ukraine forces to fight pro-Russian militants | Judiciary update | Education | I prefer watching movies when I am not shooting - Sheetal Dabholkar | Preeti Puri Choudhary enjoying motherhood | Market Action | Now EPIC or Aadhaar document enough to get PAN card | Mumbai boy Dani is in top ten of junior TT rankings | Career Counselling | Nehru's Bharat Ratna should be taken away: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose's kin | IRCTC to offer baggage insurance for train passengers | Shabir Shah visiting Jammu to support KPs return | US President Barack Obama sends Holy Cloth for offering at Ajmer Sharif | Fresh snowfall in Kargil in Ladakh region | PCC chief meets Rahul Gandhi | PCC chief meets Rahul Gandhi | Indian Embassy in Yemen shifted to Djibouti | Another Hindu temple vandalised in US | Bollywood songs add power to Pakistan fashion show | South Korea ready to start work to salvage sunken ferry |

 
Front Page Stories
Rahul Gandhi attacks Modi govt on land bill, Sonia pleased with son's comeback

New Delhi, Apr 20 Rahul Gandhi on Monday led the opposition attack in the Lok Sabha on the government over the problems being faced by farmers, saying it had "failed" them and specifically targetedRead More
Parshuram Jayanti celebrated with religious fervor
Lal Singh reviews progress of ongoing health projects in Jammu division
Jammu Newspaper Editors Association re-framed
Jammu-Srinagar highway opens for one-way traffic
Indo-Pak troops exchange fire on IB
Powerful quake hits Taiwan and Japan, tsunami warning lifted
Look forward to a productive session of Parliament: PM Modi
GoI to give Rs.4,000 for constructing toilet
No move to cut privileges enjoyed by MPs at airports: Govt
Seeking their permanent solution, people in border areas protest
Now, new police recruits to come through private firms
Youth beaten to death over argument during cricket match in Akhnoor
Govt fails to regularise Rs 99,409 cr expenditure in Assembly
Kashmiris only talk of azadi; CM Mufti a behrupia, says BJP MP Ashwini
Narbal Killing: Punish cops without delay, says Azad
Two brothers killed in road mishap, locals stage protest
More Top Stories
Features
 
Personalities that shaped the world
Taimur the Lang

Timur, Tarmashirin Khan, Emir Timur (9 April 1336 - 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane was a Turkic ruler. He conquered West, South and Central Asia and founded the Timurid dynasty. He was the grandfather of Ulugh Beg, who ruled Central Asia from 1411 to 1449, and the great-great-great-grandfather of Babur Beg, founder of the Mughal Empire, which ruled South Asia for centuries. Timur envisioned the restoration of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Unlike his predecessors Timur was also a devout Muslim who referred to himself as the Sword of Islam, converting nearly all the Borjigin leaders to Islam during his lifetime. His armies were inclusively multi-ethnic. During his lifetime Timur would emerge as the most powerful ruler in the Muslim world after defeating the Mamluks of Egypt and Syria, the emerging Ottoman Empire and the declining Sultanate of Delhi. Timur had also decisively defeated the Christian Knights Hospitaller at Smyrna; styling himself a Ghazi. By the end of his reign Timur had also gained complete suzerainty over all the remnants of the Chagatai Khanate, Ilkhanate, Golden Horde and even attempted to restore the Yuan dynasty. Timur's armies were feared throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe. sizable parts of which were laid to ruin by his campaigns. Scholars estimate that his military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population. On the other hand, Timur is also recognized as a great patron of art and architecture, as he interacted with Muslim intellectuals such as Ibn Khaldun and Hafiz-i Abru. Timur was born in Transoxiana , near the City of Kesh (an area now better known as Shahrisabz, "the green city"), some fifty miles south of Samarkand in modern day Uzbekistan, part of the Chagatai Khanate. His father, Taraqai, was a minor noble belonging to the Barlas tribe. The Barlas, a Turko-Mongol tribe originally were Mongolian tribes that became Turkified and/or became Turkic-speaking or intermingling with the Turkic peoples. According to Gérard Chaliand, Timur was a Muslim Turk but he saw himself as Genghis Khan's heir. Though not a Chinggisid, he clearly sought to evoke the legacy of Genghis Khan's conquests during his lifetime. At the age of eight or nine, Timur with his mother and brothers, were carried as prisoners to Samarkand by an invading Mongol army. In his childhood, Timur with a small band of followers raided travelers for goods with most being animals such as sheep, horses, and cattle. At around 1363, it is believed that Timur tried to steal a sheep from a shepherd but was shot by two arrows; one in his right leg and another in his right hand, where he lost two fingers. Both injuries caused him to be crippled for life. Some believe that Timur suffered his crippling injuries while serving as a mercenary to the khan of Sistan in Khorasan in what is known today as Dasht-i Margo (Desert of Death) in south-west Afghanistan. Timur's injuries have given him the surname of Timur the Lame or Tamerlane by Europeans. Timur was a Muslim, but while his chief official religious counsellor and advisor was the Hanafi scholar 'Abdu 'l-Jabbar Khwarazmi, his particular persuasion is not known. In Tirmidh, he had come under the influence of his spiritual mentor Sayyid Barakah, a leader from Balkh who is buried alongside Timur in Gur-e Amir. Timur was known to hold Ali and the Ahlul Bayt in high regard and has been noted by various scholars for his "pro-Alid" stance.[citation needed] Despite this, Timur was noted for attacking Shi'is on Sunni grounds and therefore his own religious inclinations remain unclear. Timur is regarded as a military genius and a tactician, with an uncanny ability to work within a highly fluid political structure to win and maintain a loyal following of nomads during his rule in Central Asia. He was also considered extraordinarily intelligent- not only intuitively but also intellectually. In Samarkand and his many travels, Timur, under the guidance of distinguished scholars was able to learn Persian, Mongolian, and Turkic languages.[36] More importantly, Timur was characterized as an opportunist. Taking advantage of his Turco-Mongolia heritage, Timur frequently used either the Islamic religion or the law and traditions of the Mongol Empire to achieve his military goals or domestic political aims. In about 1360 Timur gained prominence as a military leader whose troops were mostly Turkic tribesmen of the region.[26][39] He took part in campaigns in Transoxiana with the Khan of Chagatai. His career for the next ten or eleven years may be thus briefly summarized from the Memoirs. Allying himself both in cause and by family connection with Kurgan, the dethroner and destroyer of Volga Bulgaria, he was to invade Khorasan at the head of a thousand horsemen. This was the second military expedition that he led, and its success led to further operations, among them the subjugation of Khorezm and Urganj. Following Kurgan's murder, disputes arose among the many claimants to sovereign power; this infighting was halted by the invasion of the energetic Chagtaid Tughlugh Timur of Kashgar, another descendant of Genghis Khan. Timur was dispatched on a mission to the invader's camp, which resulted in his own appointment to the head of his own tribe, the Barlas, in place of its former leader, Hajji Beg. The exigencies of Timur's quasi-sovereign position compelled him to have recourse to his formidable patron, whose reappearance on the banks of the Syr Darya created a consternation not easily allayed. One of Tughlugh's sons was entrusted with the Barlas's territory, along with the rest of Mawarannahr (Transoxiana); but he was defeated in battle by the bold warrior he had replaced at the head of a numerically far inferior force. It was in this period that Timur reduced the Chagatai khans to the position of figureheads while Timur ruled in their name. During this period Timur and his brother-in-law Husayn, who were at first fellow fugitives and wanderers in joint adventures, became rivals and antagonists. The relationship between Timur and Husayn began to become strained after Husayn abandoned Timur's orders to finish off Ilya Khoja (former governor of Mawarannah) close to Tishnet. Timur began to gain a following of people in Balkh that consisted of merchants, fellow tribesmen, Muslim clergy, aristocracy and agricultural workers because of his kindness to share his belongings with them; as opposed to Husayn who alienated these people, took many possessions from them because of his heavy tax laws and selfishly spend the tax money building elaborate structures. At around 1370 Husayn surrendered to Timur; later being assassinated by a chief of a tribe, allowed Timur to formally proclaimed sovereign at Balkh. Timur married Husayn's wife Saray Mulk-khanum; a descendant of Genghis Khan, allowing him to become imperial ruler of Chaghatay tribe. "Khan Züdei (in China) rules over the city. We now number fifty to sixty men, so let us elect a leader." So they drove a stake into the ground and said: "We shall run thither and he who among us is the first to reach the stake, may he become our leader". So they ran and Aksak Timur (since he was lame) lagged behind, but before the others reached the stake he threw his cap onto it. Those who arrived first said: "We are the leaders". (But) Aksak Timur said: "My head came in first, I am the leader". In the meanwhile an old man arrived and said: "Read More
 
 
 
 
 
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