Thursday, October 30, 2014
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J&K Travel Guide | Traffic jam causing inconvenience | Assam appears to be target of al Qaeda, Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen: Gogoi tells PM | Najeeb Jung running backdoor govt. for BJP in Delhi: Arvind Kejriwal | Indian Super League trophy launched in presence of icon players | Marussia driver Jules Bianchi out of surgery after Japanese Grand Prix crash | Saeed Ajmal's return for World Cup is an uphill task: PCB chief | Kevin Pietersen slams 'bullying' England culture | FEM-BIO | Beyond Dream's Veera completes two successful years! | Little fan of Preetika Rao bunks school to meet her! | Chhath Puja celebration in Hum Hain Na! | Indians will have to start a movement if govt fails on black money issue: Anna Hazare | NDA failed to handle border situation : Azad | Flood Relief NGO meets Governor | Eid-ul-Zuha celebrations a low-key affair in valley | DGP calls on Governor | Kashmir will rise again: Mirwaiz | Malik arrested ahead of Nimaz-e- Eid | Jugal inaugurates Kashmir (displaced) Unit office, addresses gathering | All J&K Guru Ravi Dass Sabha distributes relief material to flood affected | Parmanand Manav Seva Sanstha distributes blankets to the flood affected | Pakistani firing : BJP leaders visit GMC, attend cremations of deceased | Chenab valley celebrates Eidul Azha with religious zeal, fervor | Educational cum motivational tour flagged off | Hamlet in Hindustan - Kashmir out of the closet | Grievances/Expectations | Grievances/Expectations | Grievances/Expectations | Grievances/Expectations | Black money: Govt submits before SC names of 627 Indians holding foreign bank accounts | Govt decision over exams in valley triggers debate, leads to divided opinion | Azad seeks vote for Congress candidates in Jammu and Kashmir | Cong to fight all seats in J&K: Soni | Assembly polls offer opportunity to rebuild a stable J&K: PDP | Does any J&K University have any scope? DU appears in 'The Best Global Universities in Asia' | Fearing their fate Congress leaders on run, looking for safe heavens | BJP to announce its list of candidates by Nov 1 | Storekeeper detained for selling free ration | Officials preparing fake list of dead livestock | Subsidised LPG rate hiked by Rs 3 per cylinder | Pakistan for normalised ties with India 'despite provocations' | Congress Releases List Of 15 Candidates | Compete and win | Wrong tune | Young Bites Citizen Journalist | Miseries of Border Residents increasing every day : PDP | Pakistan, A Blot On Islam And Democracy: Aqib Shah | Choudhary expresses solidarity with firing affected people on borders | Mysterious fire in journalist's house : probe demanded | Kashmira Singh exhorts NC workers to help flood sufferers | Sham inaugurates WSS, Bardha Kalan | Centre should act tough with Pakistan: Shri Ram Sena | Ex-Servicemen Pledge for Change | Air Force Day Celebrations at Jammu | Lunar eclipse on October 8 | Chamber discusses SRO's pertaining to VAT | Dogra Front and Shiv Sena take ou protest against ceasefire violation | Over 200 evacuated from firing-affected hamlets in Jammu | NPP leaders hold protest against Govt | Stagnant floodwater raising health risk in Kashmir | Eid-ul-Azah celebrated with religious fervour and gaiety in Ramban | 12 calls received in ongoing PRAYAS | CAPD warns of strict action against erring dealers | Media Monitoring Committee formed to check paid news | 100 vehicles challaned, Rs 25000 realised as fine | NOTA doesn't impress separatists, raise pitch for boycott | 14 kgs 300 gms bhukki seized, one held | One injured as two Motorcycle Collide | 1 died, 3 injured in road accidents | Two LeT members arrested, pistols recovered | Two LeT members arrested, pistols recovered | Tamil Nadu CM writes to PM on 'design flaws' in CBSE's UDAAN scheme | Arun Jaitley asks CAG not to look for making headlines through their audit reports | Mulayam meets Amar Singh; latter to get SP nomination for Rajya Sabha? | Protests held in Bangalore on second death anniversary of Savita Halappanavar | Judiciary update | Education | Market Action | Tech Mahindra Q2 profit jumps 14%, $ revenue rises 5.2% | David De Gea heroics help Manchester United beat Everton | Career Counselling | Life Full of Colors | Blood for Economy | Naukri | Zambia's Scott becomes Africa's first white leader in 20 years | DEO for strict enforcement of MCC | Market checking intensified in Srinagar | Bhat, Kullar admitted as Congress members | Engineer Rashid breaks traffic signal, fined | Lok Adalat held |

 
Front Page Stories
Black money: Govt submits before SC names of 627 Indians holding foreign bank accounts

New Delhi, Oct 29 In a major step forward in the black money case, the Central government on Wednesday submitted before the Supreme Court a list of names of Indians having accounts in foreign banks.Read More
Govt decision over exams in valley triggers debate, leads to divided opinion
Azad seeks vote for Congress candidates in Jammu and Kashmir
Cong to fight all seats in J&K: Soni
Assembly polls offer opportunity to rebuild a stable J&K: PDP
Does any J&K University have any scope? DU appears in 'The Best Global Universities in Asia'
Fearing their fate Congress leaders on run, looking for safe heavens
BJP to announce its list of candidates by Nov 1
Storekeeper detained for selling free ration
Officials preparing fake list of dead livestock
Subsidised LPG rate hiked by Rs 3 per cylinder
Pakistan for normalised ties with India 'despite provocations'
Congress Releases List Of 15 Candidates
More Top Stories
Features
 
Personalities that shaped the world
Taimur the Lang

Timur, Tarmashirin Khan, Emir Timur (9 April 1336 - 18 February 1405), historically known as Tamerlane was a Turkic ruler. He conquered West, South and Central Asia and founded the Timurid dynasty. He was the grandfather of Ulugh Beg, who ruled Central Asia from 1411 to 1449, and the great-great-great-grandfather of Babur Beg, founder of the Mughal Empire, which ruled South Asia for centuries. Timur envisioned the restoration of the Mongol Empire of Genghis Khan. Unlike his predecessors Timur was also a devout Muslim who referred to himself as the Sword of Islam, converting nearly all the Borjigin leaders to Islam during his lifetime. His armies were inclusively multi-ethnic. During his lifetime Timur would emerge as the most powerful ruler in the Muslim world after defeating the Mamluks of Egypt and Syria, the emerging Ottoman Empire and the declining Sultanate of Delhi. Timur had also decisively defeated the Christian Knights Hospitaller at Smyrna; styling himself a Ghazi. By the end of his reign Timur had also gained complete suzerainty over all the remnants of the Chagatai Khanate, Ilkhanate, Golden Horde and even attempted to restore the Yuan dynasty. Timur's armies were feared throughout Asia, Africa, and Europe. sizable parts of which were laid to ruin by his campaigns. Scholars estimate that his military campaigns caused the deaths of 17 million people, amounting to about 5% of the world population. On the other hand, Timur is also recognized as a great patron of art and architecture, as he interacted with Muslim intellectuals such as Ibn Khaldun and Hafiz-i Abru. Timur was born in Transoxiana , near the City of Kesh (an area now better known as Shahrisabz, "the green city"), some fifty miles south of Samarkand in modern day Uzbekistan, part of the Chagatai Khanate. His father, Taraqai, was a minor noble belonging to the Barlas tribe. The Barlas, a Turko-Mongol tribe originally were Mongolian tribes that became Turkified and/or became Turkic-speaking or intermingling with the Turkic peoples. According to Gérard Chaliand, Timur was a Muslim Turk but he saw himself as Genghis Khan's heir. Though not a Chinggisid, he clearly sought to evoke the legacy of Genghis Khan's conquests during his lifetime. At the age of eight or nine, Timur with his mother and brothers, were carried as prisoners to Samarkand by an invading Mongol army. In his childhood, Timur with a small band of followers raided travelers for goods with most being animals such as sheep, horses, and cattle. At around 1363, it is believed that Timur tried to steal a sheep from a shepherd but was shot by two arrows; one in his right leg and another in his right hand, where he lost two fingers. Both injuries caused him to be crippled for life. Some believe that Timur suffered his crippling injuries while serving as a mercenary to the khan of Sistan in Khorasan in what is known today as Dasht-i Margo (Desert of Death) in south-west Afghanistan. Timur's injuries have given him the surname of Timur the Lame or Tamerlane by Europeans. Timur was a Muslim, but while his chief official religious counsellor and advisor was the Hanafi scholar 'Abdu 'l-Jabbar Khwarazmi, his particular persuasion is not known. In Tirmidh, he had come under the influence of his spiritual mentor Sayyid Barakah, a leader from Balkh who is buried alongside Timur in Gur-e Amir. Timur was known to hold Ali and the Ahlul Bayt in high regard and has been noted by various scholars for his "pro-Alid" stance.[citation needed] Despite this, Timur was noted for attacking Shi'is on Sunni grounds and therefore his own religious inclinations remain unclear. Timur is regarded as a military genius and a tactician, with an uncanny ability to work within a highly fluid political structure to win and maintain a loyal following of nomads during his rule in Central Asia. He was also considered extraordinarily intelligent- not only intuitively but also intellectually. In Samarkand and his many travels, Timur, under the guidance of distinguished scholars was able to learn Persian, Mongolian, and Turkic languages.[36] More importantly, Timur was characterized as an opportunist. Taking advantage of his Turco-Mongolia heritage, Timur frequently used either the Islamic religion or the law and traditions of the Mongol Empire to achieve his military goals or domestic political aims. In about 1360 Timur gained prominence as a military leader whose troops were mostly Turkic tribesmen of the region.[26][39] He took part in campaigns in Transoxiana with the Khan of Chagatai. His career for the next ten or eleven years may be thus briefly summarized from the Memoirs. Allying himself both in cause and by family connection with Kurgan, the dethroner and destroyer of Volga Bulgaria, he was to invade Khorasan at the head of a thousand horsemen. This was the second military expedition that he led, and its success led to further operations, among them the subjugation of Khorezm and Urganj. Following Kurgan's murder, disputes arose among the many claimants to sovereign power; this infighting was halted by the invasion of the energetic Chagtaid Tughlugh Timur of Kashgar, another descendant of Genghis Khan. Timur was dispatched on a mission to the invader's camp, which resulted in his own appointment to the head of his own tribe, the Barlas, in place of its former leader, Hajji Beg. The exigencies of Timur's quasi-sovereign position compelled him to have recourse to his formidable patron, whose reappearance on the banks of the Syr Darya created a consternation not easily allayed. One of Tughlugh's sons was entrusted with the Barlas's territory, along with the rest of Mawarannahr (Transoxiana); but he was defeated in battle by the bold warrior he had replaced at the head of a numerically far inferior force. It was in this period that Timur reduced the Chagatai khans to the position of figureheads while Timur ruled in their name. During this period Timur and his brother-in-law Husayn, who were at first fellow fugitives and wanderers in joint adventures, became rivals and antagonists. The relationship between Timur and Husayn began to become strained after Husayn abandoned Timur's orders to finish off Ilya Khoja (former governor of Mawarannah) close to Tishnet. Timur began to gain a following of people in Balkh that consisted of merchants, fellow tribesmen, Muslim clergy, aristocracy and agricultural workers because of his kindness to share his belongings with them; as opposed to Husayn who alienated these people, took many possessions from them because of his heavy tax laws and selfishly spend the tax money building elaborate structures. At around 1370 Husayn surrendered to Timur; later being assassinated by a chief of a tribe, allowed Timur to formally proclaimed sovereign at Balkh. Timur married Husayn's wife Saray Mulk-khanum; a descendant of Genghis Khan, allowing him to become imperial ruler of Chaghatay tribe. "Khan Züdei (in China) rules over the city. We now number fifty to sixty men, so let us elect a leader." So they drove a stake into the ground and said: "We shall run thither and he who among us is the first to reach the stake, may he become our leader". So they ran and Aksak Timur (since he was lame) lagged behind, but before the others reached the stake he threw his cap onto it. Those who arrived first said: "We are the leaders". (But) Aksak Timur said: "My head came in first, I am the leader". In the meanwhile an old man arrived and said: "Read More
 
 
 
 
 
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